Essay on the Oz Factor and the Strange Sensations of Altered Reality
Reported by UFO Witnesses

By Jenny Randles

Strangers in Oz

One of the things I get asked the most is to explain why I came up with the concept of the Oz Factor and what I think it means for the UFO phenomenon. If you do not recognize the term, do not worry. All will become clear. It started thirty years ago with one of the first cases that I followed up. In this, a factory worker on the night shift had a close encounter with a very strange object. It was one of those things that leave little room for doubt: a domed saucer-like object with windows that emitted an icy blue glow which tilted on its edge and hovered next to the old mill. The witness was adamant that this could only be a UFO, by which, of course, he meant an alien spaceship. And I was pretty hard pressed to disagree with that analysis. However, something else struck me most about this particular case, and it stayed in my mind.

There was a second security guard on duty at the factory that night. He was sufficiently close to the events that by all logic he could not have missed this remarkable sight. Yet, he saw nothing. The more I thought this through and assessed the area surrounding the factory the more puzzled I became. The case received a lot of publicity, and I expected dozens of witnesses to backup this man’s story, for I had no doubt that he was telling the truth. Countless houses were in full view of where this object had hovered, and yet nobody came forward to say that they had seen it. Was everybody somehow looking in the wrong direction? It was very late at night. Perhaps they were all asleep? A nagging thought kept occurring to me: did this witness not see what he said that he had? Otherwise where was the support? Especially, as in later cases it failed to materialize even in broad daylight.

Zone of Influence 

I kept such ideas to the fore during the next two or three years, and something rapidly became apparent – something I did not recall reading about in any of the UFO books that I had avidly consumed during my youth. Yet here it was – seeming to be a central feature of many close encounters. There appeared to be a zone of influence surrounding these close encounters. If you were inside of it, then you experienced the episode in all its glory and as a total reality. If you were outside of it, then the UFO sighting might as well have not happened. Even if the witness said that little aliens got out, formed a brass band, and gave a full concert before taking off again, nobody outside the zone of influence seemed to be capable of knowing a thing.

A Trip to OZ

The more I explored the growing number of close encounter cases that came my way, the more I saw that these subjective elements were a key aspect of what witnesses were experiencing. I realized that you often had to find the right questions, or the witnesses would not tell you about these things. Partly it was because they themselves never saw them as significant. Mostly, it was because they were afraid they might detract from the credibility of their sighting and you might consider that they were imagining things. So far, too often these hidden features were not being reported unless you looked very hard for them. So I did try, and I discovered that witnesses would report a whole series of symptoms that were common to close encounters, but not to non-close encounters. If someone saw a light in the sky or even had a mundane UFO encounter with a strange looking craft, then these things would rarely appear. But if they had a close encounter, then these symptoms were there more often than not.

Witnesses would tell me that they felt a strange sensation prior to the encounter – a sort of mental tingling as if they were aware that something was about to happen. They would even tell me they just had to look up and see what was there – as if it had called to them silently. Then I would be told that during the experience, time seemed to disappear and lose all meaning. It was as if the encounter were happening in a timeless, magical void.

Further clues kept popping up the more that I tabulated these cases. For instance, there were claims that at the onset of the episode all ambient sounds faded away c bird song, the wind in the trees, distant train noises, et cetera. All of these clues pointed towards an isolation factor at work, as if the witness were being singled out and put into a cocoon whereby he or she could experience the UFO, whereas anyone outside of it could not. As I started to work out the statistics for the cases I had gathered, this sense of isolation became very obvious. What I call “medium definition cases” (where a clear object with structured shape was seen) there were about 2.6 witnesses per case on average, and they rarely relied on just the testimony of one person; and if you canvassed the area, backup witnesses would frequently appear.

When the case was a close encounter (which I defined not by distance, but by the presence of physical or physiological effects such as car stops, burns marks et cetera) then the witness average was less than half of the previous figure (approximately 1.2); and it was often impossible to find anyone else who saw anything, even if there were people in a position where they should have. Because this all suggested that the close encounter was somehow a witness-focused incident, I wanted a term to define this set of symptoms that kept cropping up. I used “Oz Factor” because what these people were describing was just like being taken out of our reality and put into a new dimension where magical things happened, rather like the Land of Oz.

So what does this mean? What did this information tell me about UFOs? Not, as is widely misunderstood, that UFO close encounters are imaginary. Quite the reverse seems true: The existence of these things persuaded me, more than ever, that these cases were real because it removed one major obstacle by defining a reason for the lack of backup witnesses. Moreover, the consistency of the witness accounts of these symptoms was so great, despite the often reasonable reluctance of many people to share them with an investigator, that I was sure they were a very real effect.

Not in the Imagination

The Oz Factor implies that the UFO Close Encounter has a visionary component. You might interpret that as meaning it is all in the imagination, but it really means that there is a direct feed, if you like, from the source of the encounter to the consciousness of the witness. Something makes them pay attention by tuning out the normal sensory flow and looking up to watch the show. Where that show is being projected from remains the subject of great fascination. And it certainly does not eliminate a [different] intelligence as running this show.

To me, the Oz Factor is a vital key to the UFO mystery, and may help us to resolve what is happening. We should not be afraid of its implications; just because it seems to suggest a fuzziness to the phenomenon. In truth, we should embrace these cases. Indeed they seem to make a lot more sense when seen in the context of modern physics and our understanding of quantum reality, multiple dimensions, and relativity. These fields are pretty weird and produce consequences that science has been wrestling with for a 100 years. That UFO close encounters exhibit equal strangeness is, to me, a sign that we are on track for the right answers. – Jenny Randles, Author, Researcher

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Jenny Randles


Jenny Randles is a prolific author-researcher from England. She has an educational background in physics and geology and specializes in writing books about UFOs and paranormal phenomena.

She has been investigating topics related to ufology since 1974 and was the British UFO Research Association's (BUFORA) Director of Investigations for 13 years.

She has written approximately 50 books and numerous articles covering topics such as ESP, life after death, time travel, crop circles and spontaneous human combustion. Aside from her many written works, Randles is most famous for her OZ Factor theory relating to alien abductions. The OZ Factor explains how and why Randles believes consciousness is the focal point of ET Contact encounters.

She is an advocate against the use of regression hypnosis for UFO encounter cases. She fought and succeeded in having the process banned in UFO investigations in England. Some of Jenny Randles books are:

The UFOs That Never Were (co-written with Andy J. Roberts and David Clarke) 

UFO Retrievals: The Recovery of Alien Spacecraft

Time Storms: The Amazing Evidence of Time Warps

Space Rifts and Time Travel; Spontaneous Human Combustion

U.F.O. Conspiracy: From the Official Case Files of the World's Leading-Nations

UFO Retrievals: The Recovery of Alien Spacecraft

Breaking the Time Barrier: The Race to Build the First Time Machine

U.F.O. Conspiracy: From the Official Case Files of the World's Leading-Nations

The Unexplained: Great Mysteries of the 20th Century

The UFO Conspiracy: The First Forty Years

The Paranormal Year

Psychic Detectives

Men in Black: Investigating the Truth Behind the Phenomenon

Time Travel: Fact, Fiction and Possibility

Science and the UFOs

Complete Book of UFOs: The: Investigation into Alien Contacts and Encounters

Alien Contact: Window on Another World (co-written with Paul Whetnall)



Jenny Randles

Jenny Randles

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